Science jobs are still booming in the United States, but they’re not doing quite as well as in previous decades, according to a new study from researchers at Johns Hopkins University.
The study found that nearly half of the nation’s scientific jobs are now filled by people who have not held a tenure-track position for 20 years or more.
The report comes as the Obama administration looks to bolster scientific research and to attract more young scientists to the profession.
In a new report from the Center for American Progress, the group’s research director, Elizabeth Warren, lays out a roadmap for expanding science careers in the U.S.
The report, titled “How STEM is Changing America’s Economy: How to Get It Right,” says that a number of factors have contributed to the rise of science jobs over the past few decades.
“The rapid growth in the number of scientists and engineers, for example, has enabled companies to hire more than 7 million more people than ever before,” the report says.
And it points to a few other factors.
The population has grown more rapidly.
As people ages, they’re also increasingly drawn to careers in technology and engineering.
And, in recent decades, the country has become more connected.
“Today, scientists and engineering professionals are increasingly working in high-tech, high-paying jobs in fields such as biotechnology, cybersecurity, and environmental science,” the study says.
“As we’ve seen in the last 20 years, this has created the conditions for a growing number of young people to enter STEM fields.
These are the types of fields that will become more attractive to future STEM workers as the U and D economies expand.”
While the number and growth of science positions have been rising for decades, it is only in the past two decades that the U of D has seen a rise in the percentage of its research staff that are scientists, according the report.
That’s because the country’s population has expanded.
In addition to its population, the U has also added a third more people to its faculty.
The percentage of science-related positions that are filled by scientists and not engineers has also grown since 2000.
“This is especially true in the sciences, where the proportion of women and people of color has grown, and this has also helped to increase the number,” the researchers write.
“For the first time, the percentage holding a science faculty position has been greater than that of all other science occupations combined.
The number of female scientists has grown significantly in recent years.”
A number of trends are driving the growth in science jobs, including advances in technology.
“Our research shows that many science-based fields have become much more complex, and there are now many more ways for scientists to communicate and collaborate than ever, which is a major part of the reason that scientists have found themselves increasingly in STEM,” Warren said.
In the past, scientists have often found themselves working alone in their own labs or in a small group, she said.
“Now, we’re seeing more scientists in teams and labs, working with teams and working in groups.”
The report also highlights several trends that have helped to drive the growth of the science workforce.
One of the biggest is the rise in internet-based research.
In 1990, only 5 percent of all research was done online, according it.
By 2011, the figure had increased to 19 percent.
The rise in online research also appears to have been driven by the fact that more students are taking courses online, which are more easily accessed.
But other factors have also helped drive the increase in research.
“One of the key trends we’re observing in our work is that we’re witnessing more people pursuing STEM careers,” Warren told NPR.
“In other words, students are more likely to take classes in their field, or they’re more likely than they were a decade ago to take courses outside of their field.”
The rise in STEM jobs has also created new jobs for people who previously did not have the necessary qualifications for the jobs they had.
“These jobs are not necessarily going to be STEM jobs,” Warren noted.
“They’re going to require a high school degree, a master’s degree, or a PhD. So they’re going a long way to making the jobs that we’ve had so much more accessible and affordable for the American people.”
While science jobs are definitely increasing, the report notes that they are not the only types of jobs that are expanding.
“We have seen some jobs going away in the private sector as well,” the authors write.
This is because of the recession, which has also made it more difficult to fill those positions.
“But we have also seen some of the private sectors being able to move into areas where they can now attract high-skilled workers,” Warren added.
“There are some jobs that will not be available in a time of economic crisis, but those jobs are becoming available as we move into a time when we have fewer people out there looking for those